The pullup and chin up is one of the most effective upper body exercise. but what makes it so great? well pull ups are compound movement (meaning they work a number of different muscle at the same time) and can also be manipulated to make different muscles the primary target.
The grip of holding the bar is the main difference between a pull up, and a chin up. holding the bar in the direction you’re facing is a pull up and holding the bar in the opposite direction is a chin up. the way you grip the bar will be the main factor on which muscles you primarily target.
Beginner’s Pull up
Most people who never did a pull get intimidated by the sight, or even though of doing a pull up, and when they finally try, if they cant do they just call it quits, well here is a perfect place to start. in a gym you can use an pull up assisted machine or for home use you can use a chair. you can also start by doing Australian pulls as demonstrated below.
WIDE GRIP VS CLOSE GRIP
Holding the bar in a wide grip or a close grip position will make a great difference in the muscles that you are working. Basically the wider your grip is the focus will be more on your upper back muscles. But they both work all the muscles in your back.